The development of civilization is closely related to the improvement in self-dependence of nation on its demands of food and other agricultural products which are the minimum basic requirements of the human society. In the matter of this kind of improvement, Agricultural Engineering plays a very great role in respect of further development of food productivity, agro-based industries, post-harvesting, food processing, Soil & Water Engineering, irrigation and Drainage etc. through the utilization of the software based latest technology. With the advancement of agriculture, the education in Agricultural Engineering has also been gradually developed and taken a definite shape through inclusion of theoretical as well as practical courses in multidirectional fields of Soil & Water Engineering irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Land and Water Resource Development and Management, Rural Engineering, Aqua-cultural Engineering, Farm Development and Management, Marketing, Marketing and Sales, Computer Applications etc.
The Agricultural Engineering education integrates Engineering and Agricultural Science knowledge and skill to develop technology and / or process to raise production and productivity of agriculture and other farm produce through efficient utilization of natural resources and conserving the same for future use. Broadly, the activities include efficient utilization of agricultural inputs through improved techniques of soil and water management (conservation), efficient implements and machinery ensuring precision, timeliness and reduced drudgery in farming operations (mechanization), and improving quality of farm produce (processing and value additions).
The Agricultural Engineering education is dynamic and addresses issues relevant to social and technological development of the country. The quality and quantum of agricultural inputs, their management techniques, and also quality of farm produce and methods of value additions would keep on changing with advancement of industrialization in general and economic upliftment of farmers / processors in particular.
With the advancement of technology related to agricultural inputs like seed, fertilizers, water and pesticides coupled with the equipment and energy sources for their application, it has become essential to optimize these to increase production and conserve natural resources. The Agricultural Engineers today are required to provide technology not only for increasing crop production but also for reducing post harvest losses and value additions through processing of produce. Increasing export opportunity in agricultural and allied industrial sector, besides diversification has put additional demand on agricultural engineering education to meet the growing requirement of food feed and fiber through efficient management of costly inputs.
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